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Political Parties and Leaders

Registered Political Parties


Canada’s political and electoral system is organized on the basis of political groups, each of which presents its policies and candidates to the electorate. The party system emerged in Canada during the nineteenth century. Political parties register with Elections Canada, and play a role in the parliamentary process if they have more than a minimum number of members in the House of Commons or Senate.


Party Name Date Founded Last Official Leader
Animal Protection Party of Canada 2016-11-24 White, Liz
Bloc Québécois 1991-06-15 Blanchet, Yves-François
Canada's Fourth Front 2019-08-13 Dua, Partap
Canadian Nationalist Party 2019-08-29 Patron, Travis M.
Christian Heritage Party of Canada 2004-05-28 Taylor, Rod
Communist Party of Canada 2000-11-08 Rowley, Liz
Conservative Party of Canada 2003-12-07 Scheer, Andrew
Green Party of Canada 1984-08-08 Roberts, Jo-Ann (acting)
Liberal Party of Canada 1867 Trudeau, Justin
Sworn in as Prime Minister on November 4, 2015.
Libertarian Party of Canada 2004-06-02 Moen, Tim
Marijuana Party 2000-11-06 Longley, Blair T.
Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada 1970-03-31 Di Carlo, Anna
National Citizens Alliance of Canada 2019-01-30 Garvey, Stephen
New Democratic Party 1961-08-03 Singh, Jagmeet
Parti pour l'Indépendance du Québec 2019-09-11 Blondin, Michel
People's Party of Canada 2018-11-14 Bernier, Maxime
Rhinoceros Party 2006-05-21 Côrriveau, Sébastien
Stop Climate Change Party 2019-06-21 Ranney, E. Ken
The United Party of Canada 2018-10-22 Darby, Carlton L.
Veterans Coalition Party of Canada 2019-08-08 Joy, Randy David

Deregistered and Former Political Parties

Political Party Date Founded Date Folded Last Official Leader
Alliance of the North 2015-09-28 2019-09-15 Bélanger, François
Animal Alliance Environment Voters Party of Canada 2005-08-02 2016-11-23 White, Liz
Canada Party 2015-09-15 2016-09-30 Pankiw, Jim
Canadian Action Party 1997-05-13 2007-03-31 Arney, Jeremy (acting)
Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance 2000-03-27 2003 Harper, Stephen
Last leader of the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance until the party fully merged with the Progressive Conservative Party in January 2004.
Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 1932-08-01 1961-08-02 Argue, Hazen Robert
Elected leader of the C.C.F. without contest, on August 11, 1960, at the national convention held in Regina.
Resigned from the New Democratic Party on February 20, 1962 and later joined the Liberal Party.
Conservative (1867-1942) 1867 1942-12 Meighen, Arthur
First Peoples National Party of Canada 2005-12-27 2013-07-31 Morin, William (acting)
Liberal-Conservative 1867 1942 Thompson, John Sparrow David
National Advancement Party of Canada 2015-08-19 2017-12-31 Garvey, Stephen
Natural Law Party of Canada 1993-09-23 2001-01-23 Paterson, Neil
Newfoundland and Labrador First Party 2008-09-13 2011-01-31 Bennett, Wayne Ronald
Party for Accountability, Competency and Transparency 2012-11-05 2016-07-31 Nicula, Michael
People's Political Power Party of Canada 2008-09-21 2011-04-13 Everett, Anna-Maria
Pirate Party of Canada 2010-11-06 2017-11-30 Roderick , Lim
Progressive Canadian Party 2004-03-29 2019-11-30 Hueglin, Joseph Fred (acting)
Progressive Conservative Democratic Representative Coalition 2001-09-10 2002-04-09 Clark, Charles Joseph
Progressive Conservative Party 1942 2003-12-06 MacKay, Peter Gordon
Progressive Senate Group 2019-11-14 2019-11-17 Day, Joseph A. (acting)
Reconstruction Party 1935-10 1938 Stevens, Henry Herbert
Founding member
Reform Party of Canada 1987-11-01 2000-03 Manning, Ernest Preston
Seniors Party of Canada 2015-09-24 2016-11-30 Fairbairn, James N.
Social Credit Party of Canada 1935 1993 Campbell, Ken
Strength in Democracy 2015-08-07 2016-09-30 Fortin, Jean-François
The Bridge Party of Canada 2015-06-28 2017-01-31 Berlin, David
United Party of Canada 2010-11-08 2016-08-31 Jedan, Brian
Western Block Party 2005-12-29 2014-01-31 St. Laurent, Paul (acting)
Work Less Party 2008-09-22 2010-07-31 Schmidt, Conrad